Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Child Dental Care


Babies require daily dental hygiene care in order to prevent mouth irritation and tooth decay. 
Child dental care/hygiene should begin shortly after a child is born. After every feeding a clean, warm wash cloth should be used to gently cleanse the inside of the mouth.

General dental care for babies and young children
It is most important to make dental hygiene practices as a part of child's daily routine. It will not only keep his/her growing teeth and gums healthy and free from disease, but this will also establish a good habit for the future.

1) Establish brushing as a daily routine as soon as your child gets her first teeth. It is good practice to brush them twice a day, in the morning, and before going to bed at night. Gradually teach your child to brush her own teeth in a right technique, but be there to supervise her at all times.

2) Teach your baby to spit out the toothpaste after brushing. At least until your child learns to do this, use a fluoride-free toothpaste that is meant for infants only.

3) Ensure that your child eats a healthy diet. Include plenty of calcium-rich foods such as milk and cheese. Calcium plays an important role in increasing strength of the teeth and bones. Encourage child to develop a taste for healthy and natural snacks such as fruits and nuts, instead of sugary and starchy foods.

4) Ensure that your child has regular dental check ups.

Teething
Child Teething occurs between 6 months and 24 months of age although it can occur earlier. Normally the bottom two incisors (frontmost teeth) will come in, followed by the top four incisors. 
Signs of teething may include:
1) Excessive drooling
2) Irritability
3) "Gumming" or biting
4) Appearance of a rash around the mouth, or on the face
5) Decrease in appetite
6) Excessive crying
7) Loss of appetite
8) Increase in body temperature
9) Changes in bowel movements

To relieve the pain of teething use a clean, cool washcloth to gently massage the gums. Chilled teething rings are another popular option. When using a teething ring, make sure it is chilled but not frozen, as frozen teething rings may cause frostbite to lips and gums. Providing "teething biscuits" or other hard foods (frozen bananas) is not a good idea as these promote tooth decay.

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Oral hygiene Facts

Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems, tooth decay and bad breath.
Teeth cleaning is the removal of plaque and tartar from teeth with the help of toothbrush.
Cleaning the tongue is a essential part of daily oral hygiene, it is removal of the white or yellow coating of bacteria, decaying food particles, dead cells from the surface of the tongue and some of the bacteria species which causes tooth decay and gum problems.
Massaging gums with toothbrush bristles is generally recommended for good oral hygiene. Flossing is recommended at least once per day, preferably before bed. It helps to prevent receding gums, gum disease, and cavities in between the teeth.
Mouthwash or mouth rinse improve oral hygiene. Dental chewing gums claim to improve dental health.


Recent clinical studies shows corelation between poor oral hygiene and serious systemic diseases:
  • Cardiovascular disease (heart attack and stroke)
  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Low birth weight/extreme high birth weight
  • Diabetes complications
  • Osteoporosis

Monday, November 8, 2010

Bad Breath Secrets

Halitosis commonly called as bad breath or malodour is a very common condition which may affect up to 30% of the population. In most cases the causes of the condition is from local problems. Oral malodour is the result of the action of anaerobic bacteria in producing a range of malodorous products including volatile sulphur compounds. 

Some of the causes are :
  • Poor dental hygiene — Infrequent or improper brushing and flossing, allows bits of food that are stuck between the teeth to decay inside the mouth. Poor/Bad oral hygiene eventually will lead to periodontal (gums) disease, which also can cause bad breath.
  • Infections in the mouth — These can be caused by either a cavity in a tooth or by periodontal (gums) disease.
  • Respiratory tract infections — Throat, sinus or lung infections.
  • External source — Garlic, onions, coffee, cigarette smoking, chewing tobacco.
  • Dry mouth (xerostomia) — This can be caused by salivary gland problems, medicines or  mouth breathing.
  • Diseases — Diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, lung disease, sinus disease, reflux disease and others.
Management of oral malodour is directed at managing and reducing the bacterial load both in periodontitis and in tongue coatings by instituting proper oral hygiene measures, by brushing or scraping, and use of antiseptic agents.

Five methods may be suggested :
  • Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control. That can be achieved using a tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial coating, debris. Brushing with a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Chewing gum: Dry-mouth can increase bacterial build up and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. 
  • Gargling mouth before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.
  • Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. 

Friday, October 29, 2010

Dental Emergencies

A dental emergency is a type of medical emergency involving the teeth or gums. Pain involving these parts of the mouth, even can indicate a severe underlying problem that could worsen with time. It is important to contact a dentist as soon as possible to minimize damage to the teeth, gums, and supporting bone.

1. Toothaches
2. Broken Tooth
3. Possible Broken Jaw
4. Knocked Out Teeth
5. Bitten Tongue Or Lips
6. Something Caught Between Your Teeth

Thursday, September 23, 2010

Knocked Out Teeth


What to do when a tooth falls during an accident?
Dentists refer to a knocked out tooth as Avulsed tooth. This is one of the most serious dental emergencies. If you act quickly, there is a great chance of saving that tooth. Just follow few instructions and immediately refer a dentist.

  • Hold the tooth by the crown, never by the root.
  • Wash the tooth by running water or saline.
  • Do not brush the tooth or apply any chemicals
  • Replace the tooth in the socket as soon as possible.
  • Another option is to store the tooth in milk, saline, saliva or water.
  • Recently an avulsed tooth (Save-A-Tooth) preserving system is available that contains Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution.
  • Immediately refer to a nearby dentist.
For knocked out permanent teeth, the sooner the tooth is put back in its socket, the better its chances. The best chance for survival occurs if the tooth is reimplanted within 30 minutes. Once implanted, the tooth must be stabilized using the techniques just described for 2-4 weeks.

      Friday, September 3, 2010

      Tooth Erosion

      Tooth erosion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by acid. The enamel is the hard calcified tissue that covers and protects the outside of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in our bodies.
      The saliva in our mouth contains calcium which helps to strengthen and remineralize the teeth, however, remineralization can not occur when a great deal of acid is present.
      The high amount of acids in the food and drink that you consume can cause tooth erosion. Soft drinks and pure fruit juices contain a high amount of acid.
      Tooth erosion can also be caused by medical factors such as a decrease in saliva, acid reflux disease, certain gastrointestinal conditions and the eating disorder.

      Friday, August 20, 2010

      History of dentistry

      FIRST DENTAL CHAIR

      During 1700 BC, Indus Valley Civilization showed the evidence of dentistry. The earliest form involved curing tooth related diseases with the help of bow drills by skilled craftsmen. A Sumerian text from 5000 BC describes that tooth decay was due to 'tooth worm. Historically, tooth removal (dental extraction) have been used to treat a variety of dental problems. During the Middle Ages and during 19th century, dentistry was not a profession in itself, dental procedures were even performed by barbers or general physicians.1790 was a big year for dentistry when he first specialized dental chair was invented. 


      History of toothbrush, toothpaste and toothpicks :


      Natural bristles brushes were invented by he ancient Chinese. In 1938, the first nylon bristle toothbrushes was manufactured by DuPont. The first electric toothbrush was produced in 1939, and developed in Switzerland. Toothpaste was used as long ago as 500 BC in both China and India; however, modern toothpaste was developed in the 1800s. In 1872, Silas Noble and J. P. Cooley patented the first toothpick manufacturing machine. The 1960's saw the introduction of fluoride into toothpaste which  remarkably reduces the incidence of tooth decay.

      Thursday, August 19, 2010

      Simple Tips for Healthy Teeth

      Dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal (gum) diseases are some of the most common diseases that afflict humanity, especially in both developed and developing nations. Both dental caries and periodontal diseases are the result of the action of bacteria in plaque, which is deposited on the teeth and gums. If you can clean your whole mouth completely of bacterial plaque and maintains it, then there will be a decrease in both of caries and gum problems.

      • Few simple tips for healthy teeth 
      • a) Brush your teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste.
      • b) Clean between your teeth daily with floss or an interdental cleansing aids.
      • c) Visit your dentist regularly at least once in six months.
      • d) If you have bleeding or swollen gums, bad breath, loose teeth, gums pulled away from teeth, pus coming from gums, broken tooth etc then its a dental emergency. Consult your dentist immediately. 
      • e) Eat a balanced diet.




      A guide to Smile

      A smile creates the first impression as well as last impression. These first impressions are important in your professional as well as social life. The Dentist, has a key role to play in improving a  smile. The days are gone when you only visit the dentist for a regular check-up or tooth pain or for fillings. There are areas of treatment where a dentist can recommend improvements to your smile. The areas include
        a) Color of your teeth
        b) Repairs of your teeth
        c) Straightening of teeth
        d) Shaping of gums
      Most smile makeovers requires one or more of these treatments

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